Energy transport, storage and distribution

Pipelines for low-carbon gases

With stakeholder pressure increasing, and governments passing net zero legislation, industry is accelerating its solutions for decarbonizing production and consumption of the molecular energy – hydrocarbons – that the world needs.

Pipelines will play a critical role in transporting this energy, but carry safety and financial risks if new design, construction, and operational considerations are not taken into account.

In this chapter, DNV's Technology Progress Report covers: 

  • Need for pipelines
  • New gases
  • CO2 pipeline issues
  • Hydrogen pipeline issues

DNV perspective

The role of pipelines in a decarbonized future is often not well understood.

As we move through the energy transition, and both industrial and domestic consumers move from methane to hydrogen, both older and new systems will need to operate side by side. Building these systems and vastly increasing CCUS network capacity will significantly increase the demand for pipeline expertise. 

Whether new or repurposed, a well-designed and maintained pipeline can safely transport low carbon gases or CO2. The main challenge is the increasing need for pipelines to secure land use planning approval and societal acceptance, particularly in the onshore environment.