Energy Transition Outlook 2021
Technology Progress report
We attempt to strike a balance between technical details and issues of safety, efficiency, cost, and competitiveness. The interdependencies and linkages between the technologies are a particular area of focus.
We explore how key energy transition technologies will develop, compete, and interact in the coming 5 years. The ten technologies are:
- Energy production: floating wind, solar PV, and waste to fuel and feedstock
- Energy transport, storage, and distribution: pipelines for low-carbon gas; meshed HVDC grids, new battery technology
- Energy conversion and use: novel shipping technologies, EVs and grid integration, green hydrogen production, CCS.