Middle East and North Africa
An economically and politically diverse region with vast petroleum resources
- Natural gas and oil dominate the primary energy mix and will continue to do so until 2050.
- Natural gas consumption in the region remains high throughout the forecast period reaching 57% of the regional primary energy mix in 2050.
- The region will start to realize its vast potential for renewable energy.
The Middle East and North Africa’s final energy demand will continue to grow before starting to level off around 2040. The growth in demand will be distributed across all sectors, although efficiency gains in the transport sector will see energy use peak there first. Efficiency improvements will counteract population and economic growth in all sectors.
Natural gas and oil dominate the primary energy mix and will continue to do so until 2050. Whereas oil use will remain relatively constant, natural gas will see strong growth, mostly from the power and manufacturing sectors. Beyond the 2030s, natural gas use will peak then start to decline as the uptake of solar PV and wind in the power sector increases. Coal, nuclear, hydropower, and biomass are all minor players in the region.